Chad - Climate - Darfur refugees
This week is World Water Week. The world is literally running out of drinkable water. World leaders and experts are gathered in Stockholm to look at possible solutions and discuss the severity of the problem. Global warming threatens quality, access and availability to water world wide. According to a 2012 report from the US Intelligence Community Assessment, within 2030 humanity's "annual global water requirements" will exceed "current sustainable water supplies" by forty percent. Erratic weather, melting snowpacks and glaciers, pollution and saltwater intrusion some of the major threats to this vital resource.
The picture is from a water well in a refugee camp in Touloum in Tchad, close to the sudanese border. More than 23.000 refugees from Darfur, mainly women and children, live in the camp. The conflict in Darfur with its ethnic cleansing is also a direct result of climate change. Farmers and herders are pitted against each other over diminishing pasture and resources. The barren land is taken over by the Sahara desert, which has expanded 60 miles over the last 40 years. Rainfall is down by 16-30 percent. Crops are failing. With further global warming, conflicts like Darfur are likely to be repeated on even larger scale.