China - Climate - Air pollution
Tourists gaze at the Temple of Heaven in Beijing as the sun sets in a haze, colored yellow from air pollution. Pollution due to heavy dependency of coal is only one of China’s climate challenges. Warmer weather accelerates desertification of farmland in the north and west, while extreme weather cause flooding, mudslides and jeopardize agriculture in the country. China has more than 11,000 miles of coastline, and a one meter sea level rise could displace as much as 67 million people. With the economic progress comes demand for better living. There were 5 million cars in China in 2000. Now there are more than 120 million.
China have traditionally been holding back on climate negotiations,but in January US and China, the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitters, announced significant commitments to reduce their CO2 emissions within 2030. China is already the world leader in solar and wind power. They still have a long way to go; as of 2011, China produced 70% of its energy from coal, emitted more carbon dioxide than the next two largest countries combined (U.S.A. and India) and emissions had been increasing by 10% a year, according to a study done by chinese and canadian scientists in 2013.